In the blockbuster, The Mummy, reference was made to men who called themselves "Med-jai" and served as the protectors of the city, Hamunaptra. A tribe called the Med-jai did actually exist.
They are mentioned in the written records of the ancient Egyptians and known variously as Med-jai, Medjay, Medju, and Mazoi.
These people are believed to have originated in Nubia as pastoral cattle herders. Later they served the Pharaohs' armies as mercenaries. In the New Kingdom, the word 'Medjay' became associated with a corps of the Egyptian army and the police force of the Egyptian state. This is an attempt to write the story of the historical Medjay from the earliest predynatic periods to the modern era.
In a reference from the Sixth Dynasty B. The land of Medja itself was supposed to be located near the second cataract of the Nile "Sixth Dynasty"while the people called Medjay could be found ranging between the first and second cataracts Quirke:Shinnie: During the reign of Merenere B.
During the Middle Kingdom circa the year B. The records are known as the Semna Dispatches, military corrspondence from a solider in Nubia to his superior up North Berg: The Dispatches report sending Medjay back into the desert Berg: 27, James: However, this could simply be because these men were soldiers and consequently, traveled away from their native lands and populations. Pepy I B. As Dahshur is close to Giza, it causes one to wonder how Nubians could interfere, unless they were somehow nearby.
Barbara Mertz is the only author who does not refer to the Medjay as Nubians. She calls them "a Libyan tribe" Mertz: The confusion could possibly be due to a line from the Admonitions of Ipuwer. Ipuwer writes, "Every man fights for his sisters and protects himself. Is it Nubians? Then we will protect ourselves. There are plenty of fighters to repel the bowmen.
Is it Libyans? Then we will turn them back. The Medjai are content with Egypt. Ipuwer could be implying that the Medjay are from Libya, but a more logical interpretation is that he distinguishes them from the other Nubian tribes and that they are involved in repelling the Libyans.Last Updated on February 25, Sutherland - AncientPages. Ancient Egyptian religion has many gods and symbols and among them, some were only associated with the king or queen.
Many of them represented gods. The ankh provided the key to the gates of death and what lay beyond. The ankh was the sign of life that indicated the power to give or take away life, and could not be carried by ordinary Egyptians. The original meaning of the "ankh" is still under debate. It has been suggested it was a sandal-strap or a magic knot. The hieroglyphic sign of ankh means "life" and symbolized divine, eternal existence. Being the attribute of the gods, the ankh is handed to the king and when held to the nose of a dead pharaoh ensures his everlasting existence.
The Egyptians believed that the Afterlife was as meaningful as the present one, and the ankh provided the key to the gates of death and what lay beyond. As a symbol of imperishable vital force, the ankh was used on temple walls, stelae, in friezes of objects, especially near the feet. It is a sacred emblem symbolizing regeneration or enduring life.
Read more about the Ankh. A statue with the body of a lion and head of a human or animal, the sphinx represents a form of the sun god. It was depicted with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh. It generally has the head of a woman and the body of a lion, although the most famous of the sphinxes, the Egyptian ones, do not have wings, unlike those depicted in the Assyrian and Greek versions. The sphinx as a symbol of hidden secrets and mystery has endured for centuries.
The Egyptian sphinx was viewed as benevolent, a guardian, while the Greek sphinx was malevolent towards people. The sphinx means royal power.And despite increasing interest in Ancient Egypt in recent years, the amount of knowledge most people have of them is minimal. In the Mummy trilogy, they still exist in the modern day, an elite band of warriors that has passed down their skill over the generations in order to protect the hidden treasures of the long dead pharaohs.
However, while they no longer exist in modern times, their story and their history is much more fascinating than the small tidbits we learn when watching The Mummy. Over the years, what the Medjay were evolved greatly, becoming first the main mercenaries of Ancient Egypt and then their special police. Over time, their origins have become very blurred.
However, the Medjay were originally an ethnic group that lived in Eastern Sudan, and were related to the ancient Nubians. The Medjay were greatly known for their military prowess and their skill at expanding their territory when they desired it. The kingdoms around them, such as the kushites, were both afraid of them and in awe of their skill. It was common to prepare your borders in anticipation of their strength, but also to hire them out as mercenaries for your own causes, which they were perfectly happy to do.
While they originally started out as herders of livestock with great fighting skills, they eventually evolved into something entirely else.
While they were hired out over the years by the Romans, the Kushites, and the Egyptians, their skills became so legendary that instead of a people, they eventually turned into an organization. The Medjay were originally more than just a people — they were a land and sort of a country of their own — but that changed over time, as the Ancient Egyptians saw increasing value in using the Medjay as an elite police force. At first the Medjay only specialized in helping the Egyptians with their more elite military affairs, and still had lots of jobs of various stripes throughout Ancient Egyptian society.
However, as time progressed and their fighting and enforcing skills become more respected, their role became more specialized.
Because of this evolution, the lines between who was an ethnic medjay and who was a medjay because they were with the police became increasingly blurred and almost impossible to distinguish anymore.
While those who do know of the Medjay think of them as special guards for the pharaoh, they were also very important for day to day police work around the kingdom. Some historians believe that many ethnic Egyptians joined the Medjay over the years, in the hopes of achieving some of the same status and respect as warriors and police forces that the Medjay themselves enjoyed. Even today, when guns are easily the most popular weapon in the world, and most people consider them the top dog, archery can still provide a certain level of competition when it comes to deadliness and accuracy, even with all the technology that has gone into gun-making over the years.
For any kind of people without advanced technology many histories tell the story of warriors with incredible skill with the bow, who were able to utilize this skill to carry their people to many victoriesthe edge that a bow can give you in combat is unmistakable.
For example, while many people tend to think of katanas as the most popular weapon among the samurai, their skills with archery were considered much more important for the time. In the ancient world, bows were simply the most powerful weapon, and in the early world, the Medjay were some of the most skilled archers and scouts around.
While they also had skill with melee weapons, their excellent skills at archery probably helped catch the eye of the Egyptian authorities, who saw just how useful they could be as allies, instead of as enemies. Even today, silencing technology has nothing on the silenced power of a good bow — it is truly a weapon that will last through the ages. Recently a new Mummy film came out in an attempt to create another movie universe, similar to that created by Marvel, and that which DC is struggling to emulate.
Ancient Egyptian Mystery Schools and Freemasonry
This movie universe would include classic characters like Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and the Wolfman, among others, and inexplicably starred Tom Cruise instead of bringing back Brendan Fraser — the man who was always the face of the Mummy franchise, and still is in the minds of many.
While the new Mummy movie may have been a flop, the films with Brendan Fraser are modern B-movie classics, and introduced a group of guardians known as the Medjay. Many people who watched the movie may not have been sure how real these men were, but as this article, and history shows us, their role was real and they did indeed guard the tombs of the pharaohs, and really any other area that the Ancient Egyptian authorities thought needed guarding.
However, there is no evidence that they had any particular magical knowledge or knowledge of magic, and there is no reason to believe they are still working as guardians in the modern day, as depicted in the movie. Unfortunately, at this point, the Medjay and their proud traditions have long since died out. In terms of weaponry and tactics, we have little to go on from the period when the Medjay were still the Nubians, and after that, much of what they used was very similar to that used by the Ancient Egyptian army at large.
While they were still very much Nubian people living on their own land, those who rebelled against the Ancient Egyptian powers had copper, but did not have tin and Egypt made sure none was imported, making it difficult if not impossible to manufacture bronze weaponry. However, the Nubians still fought bravely with fire-sharpened arrows at range, and at melee range, they would sometimes use maces or short javelins with copper tips and puncturing bits.
After they became more integrated with the Ancient Egyptian military, there is some evidence that they finally got their hands on bronze weapons, and had some new weapon preferences with the new materials available to them.The Knights Templar had many symbols that represented and inspired them during the Crusades. While it is difficult to find relics from nine centuries ago, knowledge of the symbols and their meanings have fortunately not been lost to time. Knight Templar Seal Source: www.
Grand Masters frequently used this as one of their seals in the period — So, what exactly does this image represent? There is no definite answer but there are some interesting theories. Some believe it to represent a "buddy system" where knights would operate in pairs.
You would find the cross emblazoned upon the mantle. Like other Templar symbols, this too has its share of variations. The lamb is symbolic of the martyred Christ and also referenced in the Bible through the words of John the Baptist after he has baptized Jesus, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. The real meaning of the standard is not known for certain but it could be that the black section depicted the sins of the world and the white symbolized the purity that the Templar Order offered the knights.
Whatever the symbolism, the Beauceant held a lot of power — while it was still flying, knights were not allowed to retreat or stop fighting.
The lion was the sigil of the Israelite tribe of Judah and Christ was also referred to as the Lion of Judah. Also, the lion represents courage, power and justice — traits valued by the Templar knight.
Calvary is also Latin for the Aramaic word, Golgotha, which is the hill where Christ was crucified. The three steps are believed to symbolize the hill and also represent the virtues of Faith, Hope, and Love. We have a comprehensive section dedicated to the Crusades and the Templar knights, which carries high-quality weapons, armor, clothes and a whole lot more. Museum Replicas is the registered trademark and copyright of Museum Replicas Limited. History and Symbols of the Knights Templar.
Tags: knightsknights templarcrusades armortemplar symbols.The caduceus is the traditional symbol of Hermes and features two snakes winding around an often winged staff.
It is often mistakenly used as a symbol of medicine instead of the Rod of Asclepiusespecially in the United States. The two-snake caduceus design has ancient and consistent associations with trade, eloquence, negotiation, alchemy and wisdom. The modern use of the caduceus as a symbol of medicine became established in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century as a result of documented mistakes, misunderstandings and confusion.
Before the ancient Romans and Greeks about BCEolder representations from Syria and India of sticks and animals looking like serpents or worms are interpreted as a direct representation of traditional treatment of dracunculiasisthe Guinea worm disease.
While there is ample historical evidence of the use of the caduceus, or herald's staff, to represent Hermes or Mercury and by extension commerce and negotiationearly evidence of any symbolic association between the caduceus and medicine or medical practice is scarce and ambiguous.
It is likely linked to the alchemical "universal solvent", Azoththe symbol of which was the caduceus. The Guildhall Museum in London holds a 3rd-century oculist 's seal with caduceus symbols both top and bottom. The seal was apparently used to mark preparations of eye medicine. Walter Friedlander proposed that early association of the caduceus with medicine might have derived from the association of Hermes Trismegistus "Thrice-Great Hermes" with early chemistry and medicine as aspects of alchemy as an esoteric practice.
Beginning with the 16th century there is limited evidence of the use of the caduceus in what is arguably a medical context. However, this evidence is also ambiguous. In some cases it is clear that the caduceus symbolized wisdom, without any specific medical connotations. The caduceus appears in a general medical context in the printer's device used by the Swiss medical printer Johann Frobenius —who depicted the staff entwined with serpents and surmounted by a dove, with a biblical epigraph in Greek, "Be ye therefore wise as serpents and harmless as doves" Matthewhere in the KJV translation in keeping with the connotations of the caduceus as a symbol of messengers and publishers based on the association of Hermes or Mercury with eloquence and negotiation.
Caduceus as a symbol of medicine
Friedlander observed that Frobenius could hardly be considered a medical printer, as had previously been asserted, noting that in a review of of the works bearing this printer's device only one was related to medicine.
Similar use of the caduceus in printers' marks continues to the present day, with companies including F. Davis Company still using the symbol as an element of their insignia. There are a few other examples of use in this period.
However, as Walter Friedlander noted, "what Caius used was a non-specific herald's wand, rather than the caduceus of Hermes.10 Fascinating Facts About the Medjay of Ancient Egypt
Engle and Friedlander are not the only ones to have noted that the use of the Caduceus by Caius had nothing to do with supposed medical symbolism; as indicated in a publication produced by the Royal College of Physicians itself: "[Freemasonry means different things to different people. But common to every variation of an answer will be the strain that Freemasonry makes good men better, being as it is a system of self-improvement tried and tested over centuries.
The uneducated with no interest in mystical traditions and the esoteric may regard Ancient Egypt as little more than a place of pagan worship, strange hieroglyphics, and monuments erected by thousands of Hebrew slaves. But those more learned, especially those having undertaken the initiative rituals of Freemasonry, will see a link between the Egyptian metaphysical tradition and modern mystery schools, of which Freemasonry is one.
But for the less refined adoration of the people were presented the endless images of deities sculptured on the walls of temples. Masonic teaching centers on its initiation rituals.
Occult scholar, Lewis Spence — tells us of the same goal of initiation in Ancient Egypt:. Aye, the greatest in the world, the knowledge of that divine introspection which alone can give man the likeness of the Divine. Masonic author, Albert Mackey, believed in a relationship between modern Freemasonry and Ancient Egypt. Another link between modern Freemasonry and Egypt is the Isis — Osiris story that formed the crux of the Ancient Egyptian belief system. Other similarities between Freemasonry and the Egyptian Mystery Schools are seen in certain Masonic symbols and initiation procedures.
When he first enters a lodge room for initiation, the candidate for Freemasonry is blindfolded and has a rope tied around his neck by which he is led in a circuit of the room. This rope is called a cable tow.
The cable-tow is purely Masonic in meaning and use, but as with many Masonic symbols, it is rooted in antiquity. Vases from ancient Mexico have been unearthed that show candidates proceeding through a ceremony of initiation in which they are being taught a sign while wearing a noosed rope around their necks.
As in Freemasonry, the Egyptian candidate was also blindfolded to represent a state of darkness before emerging into the light of knowledge when the blindfold was removed. When a candidate becomes a Freemason, he is presented with a white apron consisting of a square overlaid with a triangle. The apex of the triangular flap represents the divine spark we must endeavor to recover. After all, geometrically a triangle is the very first shape that can be made by drawing straight lines. This is why the number 3 was venerated by the ancients and still is to this day.
In Judaism, the triangle represents the past, present, and future. To the Chinese: heaven, earth, and water.
Eye Of Horus – Powerful, Ancient Egyptian Symbol With Deep Meaning
To the Hindus: creation, preservation, and renewal. The three points of the triangle also represent the conscious mind, the subconscious mind, and the collective unconscious.
The Ancient Egyptian ceremony of initiation led the candidate to a door shaped exactly as a Masonic apron: a triangle over a square, symbolizing his progression from an earthly, material existence square into a heavenly, spiritual existence of higher learning triangle.
The Masonic symbol of the Point Within a Circle inside two parallel, perpendicular lines is steeped in antiquity. Early Egyptian monuments have been discovered inscribed with the symbol of God — represented by the Alpha and Omega — in the center of a circle bordered by two perpendiculars, parallel serpents. In many ancient belief systems and mystery schools, a circle was used to symbolize God as, like a circle, God has no beginning and no end.
One of the emblems of the third degree of Freemasonry is the honeycomb. Many ancient civilizations revered bees and honey. Depictions of bees and honey are prevalent on many Egyptian carvings including the Flamic and Pamphilic obelisks, the obelisk of Luxor, the pillars of the Temple of Karnak and on statues of Rameses II.
Royal tombs in Egypt also show the importance of beekeeping and honey, including the enormous sarcophagus of Rameses II which includes numerous pictures of honeybees. Foodstuffs created by bees, such as pots of honey, honeycombs, and honey cakes, were placed by the sarcophagi as food for the gods. Even Alexander the Great requested that his body be wrapped in honey upon his death. Secrecy and silence play a big part in Masonic teaching but are not exclusive to the organization.
Wellins Calcott, author of A Candid Disquisition of the Principles and Practices of the Most Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons quite possibly the longest book title everwrote of the ancient veneration of secrecy and silence:.
The best-known champion of silence and secrecy was Pythagoras, who ventured to Egypt to study the Mysteries, which he later brought back to Greece. To become a member of the Pythagorean School, an initiate took an oath of silence for two to five years.
The connections between Ancient Egypt and modern Freemasonry are many, and only a few are presented in this article. To say that Freemasonry was born from the Egyptian Mystery Schools and their initiation rituals is true in part.In the New Kingdom, the word Medjay evolved to refer to members of the Ancient Egyptian military as desert scouts and protectors of areas of pharaonic interest. However, this evolution is more likely based on a change in the definition of the word, Medjay, rather than a change in the Eastern Desert peoples.
The first mention of the Medjay in written records dates back to the Old Kingdomwhen they were listed among other Nubian peoples by Weniwho was at the time a general serving under Pepi I. A decree from Pepi I's reign, which lists different officials including an Overseer of the Medja, Irtjet and Satjuillustrates that Medja was at least to some extent subjugated by the Egyptian government.
During the Middle Kingdomthe definition of "Medjay" started to refer more to a tribe or clan of people, rather than a land, although references to Medja-land do exist. Written accounts, like the Semna Despatches detail the Medjay as nomadic desert people. As itinerant peoples, they worked in all parts of Egyptian society, including palace attendants, temple employees, merchants, and more. The Medjay worked in Egyptian fortifications in Nubia and patrolled the deserts and helped to patrol the desert with other Egyptian soldiers, like the Akhwty.
They also were sometimes employees as soldiers as we may know from the Stela of Res and Ptahwer. By the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom period, the Medjay were an elite paramilitary police force. Being an elite police force, the Medjay were often used to protect valuable areas, especially areas of pharaonic interest like capital cities, royal cemeteries, and the borders of Egypt. Though they are most notable for their protection of the royal palaces and tombs in Thebes and the surrounding areas, the Medjay were known to have been used throughout Upper and Lower Egypt.
Each regional unit had its own captains. At first, the group just consisted of those who were considered ethnically Medjay and were descended from the ancient tribal group. This changed over time, however, as more and more Egyptians joined the occupation. Based on the written records, it can be seen that various Medjay chiefs and captains had Egyptian names and were depicted as such. Why this change occurred is not exactly known by Egyptologists, but it could be assumed that because the Medjay were seen as an elite group of warriors, more Egyptians might have joined to achieve a similar status.
After the 20th Dynastythe term Medjay is no longer found in Egyptian written records. Egyptologists do not know whether the Medjay as an occupation had been abolished or the name had just been changed.
However, there is speculation that a group of people called the Meded who fought against the Kush during the 5th and 4th centuries B. The Medjay will forever be known as a group of elite warriors. Sign In Don't have an account? Contents [ show ]. Categories :. Cancel Save. This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia view authors.